Instruments and models
Overview over the instruments and methods
The sounding systems of the department Optical Soundings consist mainly of different lidars. These are located at different sites between northern Norway (69°N) and southern Spain (37°N). Recently some campaigns have been carried out at Spitsbergen (78°N).
Until 2007 also measurements with sounding rockets have been carried out from scientists of this division of IAP, mainly from a site in northern Norway. Since 2008 these observations are part of the division Radar Soundings and Sounding Rockets.