Observing high altitude weather

The project is focused on ground-based observations with a transnational network of instruments providing measurements that are currently not available from any other remote sensing technique, including satellites. As the climate change maximizes at high northern locations, this region is also called the epicentre of climate change. NATO member and partner governments will open new spaceports in 2023:

Andøya Spaceport in Norway and 
ESRANGE Spaceport / SSC SmallSat Express in Sweden.

These are in an area of increased climate change. Changes in the location of the high altitude weather patterns pose new threats to spaceport security. We propose expanding existing measuring capabilities to close a significant gap in the observing network. Hazards and extreme events that may effect space travel and re-entry above Europe's planned spaceports will be studied.


Project nameDynamics above the Epicentre of Climate Change
Start date7 November 2023
End date7 November 2026
Funded byNATO Emerging Security Challenges Division
Funded underScience for Peace and Security Programme
Project IDMYP G6122
Coordinated byLeibniz Institute of Atmospheric Physics at the University of Rostock (IAP) 



High altitude weather patterns that shift as a result of climate change may reveal new hazards. The project's goal is to measure temperatures and winds near new Scandinavian spaceports up to the Edge of Space. These new findings will be examined in order to identify emerging and unexpected security threats.