Medium-term Dynamics

The dynamics of wave-mean flow interaction is of basic importance for the patterns of atmospheric circulation. Planetary Rossby waves govern sudden stratospheric warmings, the Brewer-Dobson circulation and other phenomena in the stratosphere, while gravity waves are important in the mesosphere. Subject of this research theme are their medium-term effects in the middle atmosphere and the associated spatio-temporal variability of the circulation in the mesosphere / lower thermosphere.

Methods

The diagnosis of the impact of Rossby and gravity waves in simulations (for example from KMCM) is important, which implies the application and further development of tools like the Eliassen-Palm flux or simplified transport models. The joint evaluation of models with observations and analyses is undertaken to identify the relevant processes.

Recent publications

  • Fuller-Rowell, T., T. W. Fang, H. Wang, V. Matthias, P. Hoffmann, K. Hocke & S. Studer, 2016: Impact of migrating tides on electrodynamics during the January 2009 sudden stratospheric warming. Ionospheric Space Weather: Longitude Dependence and Lower Atmosphere Forcing, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: 220, doi:10.1002/9781118929216.ch14.
  • Gisinger, S., A. Dörnbrack, V. Matthias, J. D. Doyle, S. D. Eckermann, B. Ehard, L. Hoffmann, B. Kaifler, C. G. Kruse & M. Rapp, 2017: Atmospheric Conditions during the Deep Propagating Gravity Wave Experiment (DEEPWAVE). Mon. Wea. Rev. 145,  10: 4249-4275, doi:10.1175/mwr-d-16-0435.1.
  • Karpechko, A. Y., P. Hitchcock, D. H. W. Peters & A. Schneidereit, 2017: Predictability of downward propagation of major sudden stratospheric warmings. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 143,  704: 1459-1470, doi:10.1002/qj.3017.
  • Lübken, F.-J., R. Latteck, E. Becker, J. Höffner & D. Murphy, 2017: Using polar mesosphere summer echoes and stratospheric/mesospheric winds to explain summer mesopause jumps in Antarctica. J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys. 162: 106-115, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2016.06.008.
  • Matthias, V., A. Dörnbrack & G. Stober, 2016: The extraordinarily strong and cold polar vortex in the early northern winter 2015/2016. Geophys. Res. Lett. 43: 12,287-212,294, doi:10.1002/2016gl071676.
  • Peters, D. H. W., A. Schneidereit & A. Y. Karpechko, 2018: Enhanced Stratosphere/Troposphere Coupling During Extreme Warm Stratospheric Events with Strong Polar-Night Jet Oscillation. Atmosphere 9,  12: 467, doi:10.3390/atmos9120467.
  • Pokhotelov, D., E. Becker, G. Stober & J. L. Chau, 2018: Seasonal variability of atmospheric tides in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere: meteor radar data and simulations. Ann. Geopys. 36,  3: 825-830, doi:10.5194/angeo-36-825-2018.
  • Rüfenacht, R., G. Baumgarten, J. Hildebrand, F. Schranz, V. Matthias, G. Stober, F.-J. Lübken & N. Kämpfer, 2018: Intercomparison of middle-atmospheric wind in observations and models. Atmos. Meas. Tech. 11,  4: 1971-1987, doi:10.5194/amt-11-1971-2018.
  • Stober, G., V. Matthias, C. Jacobi, S. Wilhelm, J. Höffner & J. L. Chau, 2017: Exceptionally strong summer-like zonal wind reversal in the upper mesosphere during winter 2015/16. Ann. Geopys. 35,  3: 711-720, doi:10.5194/angeo-35-711-2017.
  • von Savigny, C., D. H. W. Peters & G. Entzian, 2018: Solar 27-day signatures in standard phase height measurements above central Europe. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss.: 1-24, doi:10.5194/acp-2018-799.
  • Zülicke, C. & E. Becker, 2017: Relation between equatorial mesospheric wind anomalies during spring and middle atmosphere variability modes. Sci. Online Lett. Atmos. 13A: 31-35, doi:10.2151/sola.13A-006.
  • Zülicke, C., E. Becker, V. Matthias, D. H. W. Peters, H. Schmidt, H.-L. Liu, L. de la Torre Ramos & D. M. Mitchell, 2018: Coupling of stratospheric warmings with mesospheric coolings in observations and simulations. J. Climate 31: 1107-1133, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0047.1.

Staff

  • Christoph Zülicke
  • Erich Becker
  • Axel Gabriel
  • Mikhailo Grygalashvyly
  • Vivien Matthias
  • Dieter H.W. Peters
  • Gerd R. Sonnemann