Instruments and models
The sounding systems of the department Optical Soundings consist mainly of various lidars at different sites in high and mid-latitudes.
- RMR lidar at Kühlungsborn
- ALOMAR RMR lidar
- Mobile Fe lidar
- K lidar at Kühlungsborn
- Metal lidar at Kühlungsborn
Additionally, high-resolved soundings are performed with balloon-borne payloads:
The experiments are added by numerical models:
Until 2007 also measurements with sounding rockets have been carried out from scientists of this division of IAP, mainly from a site in northern Norway. Since 2008 these observations are part of the division Radar Soundings and Sounding Rockets.