Instruments and models

Measurement sites of IAP

The sounding systems of the department Optical Soundings consist mainly of various lidars at different sites in high and mid-latitudes.

Additionally, high-resolved soundings are performed with balloon-borne payloads:

Additional instruments:

The experiments are added by numerical models:

Until 2007 also measurements with sounding rockets have been carried out from scientists of this division of IAP, mainly from a site in northern Norway. Since 2008 these observations are part of the division Radar Soundings and Sounding Rockets.