- Research Topics
- Department Optical Soundings and Sounding Rockets
- Department Radar Remote Sensing
- Department Modelling of Atmospheric Processes
- Cross-departmental Collaborations
Short electromagnetic pulses are circumpolarly transmitted and from ionisation traces of invading meteoroids backwards reflected if the ionisation trace is perpendicular corresponding to the radar beam. The meteor echo is received by a reception antenna system consisting of 5 crossed Yagi antennas and is interferometrically analysed, thus estimating the location, the echo amplitude, and the radial velocity of the ionisation trace moving with the neutral wind. From many of such individual observations among other things the wind field for an altitude range between about 80 and 110 km can be estimated. Meteor observations in Juliusruh have continuously been carried out between November 1999 and August 2001 at 32.55 MHz and since May 2007 at 32.55 MHz and 53.5 MHz.
The 53.5 MHz meteor radar was decommissioned in December 2014. The 32.55 MHz meteor radar was decommissioned in June 2021, but replaced by a continuous wave (CW) transmitter included in the multistatic SIMONe network Germany.